Colosseum Interesting Facts
Colosseum original name was Flavian Amphitheatre because it was constructed during the Flavian dynasty. The name Colosseum was given to this theatre because of a sculpture that was located just next to amphitheatre called ‘the colossus of Nero’.
Its Construction was began in 72 AD under the Emperor Vespasian. After Vespasian, his son and successor Titus completed the construction in 81 AD.
It took only 9 years to build this magnificent giant structure. Even today, construction of a stadium that huge size would be very difficult to build in 9 years
60,000 Jewish slaves constructed this huge amphitheatre. It is an great example of Roman engineering work, this giant architecture was built with only stone and concrete.
Colosseum is a largest amphitheater in the world. It is an oval shaped building measuring 189 meters long, 156 meters wide and 50 meters high with a base area of 24,000 m².
From 81-96 AD during Domitian reign, he made modifications to the amphitheatre. He constructed underground tunnels to hold animals and slaves, and for additional seatings, he also built a gallery to the top.
The Giant building had 80 entrances and could accommodate about 50,000 to 80,000 spectators at that time.
Various kind of events were held in the Colosseum including gladiator contests, animal hunting and mock battles, and dramas that were based on Classical mythology. If they held a naval ship battle they flooded the Colosseum with water.
It was used for entertainment purpose for more than 390 years and it was estimated that more than 400,000 people were died inside this Colosseum. It’s also estimated that near about one million animals died in the Colosseum as well.
Over the time many natural disasters ruin the structure of the Colosseum very badly, but it was the earthquakes of 847 AD and 1231 that caused most of the destruction.
After the Colosseum was partially destroyed by several earthquakes, The marble façade and some parts of the Colosseum were used for the construction of St Peter’s Basilica and later monuments.
Rome´s most popular monument was construct for three special reasons. First as a gift to the Roman Citizens from the Flavian Dynasty to increase their popularity, second to stage various forms of entertainment, and third to showcase Roman engineering techniques and creativity to the world.
Admission and food was served free to the ancient Romans who attended the events in Colosseum. Fruits were also included in free food because fruit trees often grew in the Colosseum. Spectators chose to throw their fruit and garbage in the center of the Colosseum if they were not pleased with the performance.
The death penalty was terminated in Italy in 1948 and today Colosseum has become a symbol against capital punishment. Today, if anyone in the world has the sentence of death then the lights in the night turns from white to gold. This color change also happens whenever a jurisdiction abolishes the death penalty as well anywhere in the word.
Colosseum is the most visited attraction in Rome which welcomes more than 4 million tourists every year.
On July 7, 2007, the famous Roman monument Colosseum was proclaimed with six other great sites on the planet as ‘New Wonder’ of the world
If you want to visit Colosseum then do Book tickets in advance to avoid standing in long queues or best way to explore Colosseum is to Book a Guided Tour.